FOTA with Nordic Connect SDK (ncs) not working

I'm blocked trying to get an Nrf52 application developed under v1.3.0 SDK work with FOTA.

My application is working fine. FYI, its on custom hardware derived from nrf52832_mdk board definition, and the lbs sample.

Now to add FOTA capability. No buttons or display, so buttonless.

I followed the instructions from here, 

https://developer.nordicsemi.com/nRF_Connect_SDK/doc/latest/nrf/ug_nrf52.html?highlight=fota#fota-upgrades

and I end up with an application that has the DFU characteristic advertised, and nrf connect for mobile and connects to, for DFU. I rebuild an application and try to upload it via NRF Connect, and after a short time of "validating app" on the screen, it reverts back with no error message.

Goggling suggests there is some bug with page alignment fixed mid last year. So I try to copy my application to SDK v1.4.2, and I get a raft of build errors, which cannot be navigated to easily in the IDE. Even the previously supported types like u8_t are no longer valid!

Does anyone have any suggestions? I've used buttonless FOTA on a product on the previous NRF5 SDK with no issues, I'd rather not abandon this mess and go back.

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  • I have resolved the build issues (header files moved in the SDK); the behaviour is the same. FYI, the changes I made are as follows:

    Added to prj.conf:

    # Added for FOTA
    CONFIG_BOOTLOADER_MCUBOOT=y
    CONFIG_MCUMGR=y
    CONFIG_MCUMGR_CMD_OS_MGMT=y
    CONFIG_MCUMGR_CMD_IMG_MGMT=y
    CONFIG_MCUMGR_SMP_BT=y
    CONFIG_IMG_ERASE_PROGRESSIVELY=y

    Added to main.c

    // For FOTA
    #include <tinycbor/cbor.h>
    #include "cborattr/cborattr.h"
    #include <mgmt/mgmt.h>
    #include <mgmt/mcumgr/smp_bt.h>
    #include <mgmt/mcumgr/buf.h>
    #include <mgmt/mcumgr/smp.h>
    #include "os_mgmt/os_mgmt.h"
    #include "os_mgmt/os_mgmt_impl.h"
    #include "os_mgmt/os_mgmt_config.h"
    #include "img_mgmt/image.h"
    #include "img_mgmt/img_mgmt.h"
    #include "img_mgmt/img_mgmt_impl.h"
    #include "img_mgmt/img_mgmt_config.h"

    and in main()

      printk("Application build time: %s %s \n", __DATE__, __TIME__);

    ...

      printk("Advertising successfully started\n");

      // For FOTA
      os_mgmt_register_group();
      img_mgmt_register_group();
      smp_bt_register();

    I reloaded the project, built and flashed. The image booted ok

    *** Booting Zephyr OS build v2.4.0-ncs2 ***
    [00:00:00.403,625] <inf> mcuboot: Starting bootloader
    [00:00:00.409,667] <inf> mcuboot: Primary image: magic=unset, swap_type=0x1, cop y_done=0x3, image_ok=0x3
    [00:00:00.419,677] <inf> mcuboot: Boot source: none
    [00:00:00.425,140] <inf> mcuboot: Swap type: none
    [00:00:00.716,369] <inf> mcuboot: Bootloader chainload address offset: 0xc000
    [00:00:00.724,029] <inf> mcuboot: Jumping to the first image slot
    *** Booting Zephyr OS build v2.4.0-ncs2 ***
    Starting Bluetooth Peripheral LBS example
    Application build time: Feb 23 2021 09:53:14
    I: 2 Sectors of 4096 bytes
    I: alloc wra: 0, ff0
    I: data wra: 0, 0
    I: SoftDevice Controller build revision:
    I: cf 5c 0f 11 88 9c d7 02 |.\......
    I: 15 27 c7 c3 ca 60 19 85 |.'...`..
    I: b7 c4 50 e3 |..P.
    I: No ID address. App must call settings_load()
    Bluetooth initialized
    Advertising successfully started

    I rebuilt the code, to generate a different binary image (TIME being different) and attempted to DFU this using nrf connect mobile. "Validating" was displayed for a few seconds, then the Android app reverted without attempting the actual DFU.

    The target debug output showed

    Connected
    Disconnected (reason 19)
    Connected
    W: Unhandled ATT code 0x1d
    Passkey for 4d:a0:4e:95:16:f2 (random): 128349
    Security changed: 4d:a0:4e:95:16:f2 (random) level 4
    Pairing completed: a8:87:b3:74:2d:56 (public), bonded: 1

    I assume I am missing something. Please advise, this product development is now blocked.

  • By adding the following lines, which I found someone using through a random google search

    CONFIG_BT_RX_BUF_LEN=258
    CONFIG_BT_L2CAP_RX_MTU=247
    CONFIG_BT_L2CAP_TX_MTU=247
    CONFIG_BT_CTLR_TX_BUFFER_SIZE=251
    CONFIG_BT_CTLR_DATA_LENGTH_MAX=251
    CONFIG_MCUMGR_SMP_BT_AUTHEN=n

    FOTA now proceeds as expected, although slowly, 1.3KB/s. At the end, the application booted.

    A second rebuild of the app failed to download, and the device now no longer gets past the bootloader.

    *** Booting Zephyr OS build v2.4.0-ncs2 ***
    [00:00:00.274,566] <inf> mcuboot: Starting bootloader
    [00:00:00.280,578] <inf> mcuboot: Primary image: magic=good, swap_type=0x4, copy_done=0x1, image_ok=0x1
    [00:00:00.290,435] <inf> mcuboot: Boot source: none
    [00:00:00.295,867] <inf> mcuboot: Swap type: test
    [00:00:11.931,640] <inf> mcuboot: Bootloader chainload address offset: 0xc000
    [00:00:11.939,270] <inf> mcuboot: Jumping to the first image slot

    So please point us to the correct technique for enabling FOTA.

    Thanks,

    Mike

  • Hi Mike,

    I do not see that you lack any configurations. You can compare with the smp_svr sample, but this looks good.

    What happens after getting "mcuboot: Jumping to the first image slot" in the bootloader log? What state is the nRF in? Do you get more usefull debug information if building with CONFIG_DEBUG_OPTIMIZATIONS=y?

    Einar

  • Hi Einar, the device is inoperative after

    [00:00:11.939,270] <inf> mcuboot: Jumping to the first image slot

    and no further information is displayed. 

    I will rebuild & reflash with the optimisations enabled, and let you know.

    Thanks!

    Mike

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