NRF52832 maximum power output to pass FCC regulations

asked 2018-01-12 12:28:17 +0100

Dear Nordic,

I are using nrf52832 to develop a product that needs FCC certificate, We use a PA and can increase the output power up to 20 dBm and it seems that is lower than FCC limitations (its 21 dBm).

In FCC 15.247-2 it is said "The minimum 6 dB bandwidth shall be at least 500 kHz". I think it is OK for 52832.

But in another part of FCC they defined the limitation of the power density as bellow: "For digitally modulated systems, the power spectral density conducted from the intentional radiator to the antenna shall not be greater than 8 dBm in any 3 kHz band during any time interval of continuous transmission."

My question is that how much we can give power to antenna without closing to above mentioned limitation about power density. One of my friends told me that sometime a Nordic Specialist said for NRF52832 the maximum power level that can give the antenna after the PA without going over the limitations of power density (8dBm for 3KHz) is 13 dBm. Is it correct and can you give me your calculations your help me to find it?

Thanks, Mostafa

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I should also point out that you will never be able to ship your proposed product into ETSI communities. The way the PSD spec is written for ETSI (aka, RED) the max power output is 10dBm.

AmbystomaLabs ( 2018-01-12 17:51:56 +0100 )editconvert to answer

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answered 2018-01-12 17:34:47 +0100

updated 2018-01-13 09:29:40 +0100

You really need a specialist to guide you. If you are asking this type of question there are 100 other things you are going to fail on during certification.

Not sure where you got the 21dBm number from, BLE is not frequency hopping by FCC standards. The channelization is wrong, the hop rate is wrong. BLE is DTS so max power is 1 watt.

On PSD, easiest approach is to just measure it and gain up from whatever you measure. Luckily BLE uses GFSK and not pure FSK. The Gaussian filter spreads out the carriers a bit. A stock 52832 at 4dBm comes in at about -20dBm for 3kHz RBW so I'll let you do the math and guess what you can drive the conducted power output to.

Your biggest problem will be the restricted bands. 2.4GHz is surrounded by restricted bands and the harmonics fall into restricted bands. I would recommend you start by figuring out what your power output can be while still passing restricted band measurements.

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Hi AmbystomaLabs,

Thanks for your comments. we don't use BLE but I just wanted to say that at the moment we don't have a problem for maximum power, our transmitted power is bellow this amount. as I understood if we use it at +4dBm it should pass FCC and ETSI?

mostafa ( 2018-01-13 10:43:41 +0100 )editconvert to answer

I really don't understand your question then. On the one hand you say you are trying to qualify a device with a power amp whereas on the other hand you are asking if the 52832 will pass at 4dBm output with no power amp. Of course it will pass at 4dBm assuming you follow the Nordic reference design precisely. That is why the reference design exists.

Adding a power amp to an SoC is a complicated task. The spectral response of the radio is negatively affected by many things in the power amp. For starters all the clock/processor noise, thermal noise floor, synth noise, IMD products inherent in the radio are all gained up by the power amp. So even if the power amp were an ideal amp (it is not) these gained up noise components can give failing numbers on certification tests. Then since the power amp ...(more)

AmbystomaLabs ( 2018-01-13 17:25:39 +0100 )editconvert to answer

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Asked: 2018-01-12 12:28:17 +0100

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Last updated: jan. 12